To find out the origins of football, we have to go back in to the stone-age. Soccer history may found since from the time stone-age, humans showed interest in sports that included spherical or hemispherical objects, such as fruits, seeds, stones or snowballs.
The first bouncing balls were made according to the natural resources of the place, such as bull-skin, animal viscera, rubber, etc. That’s why the size of these balls was very diverse.
|woman association football|
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The origins of football :
In Ancient Rome, the recreations with balls were not contained in the recreation in the great sands, but they were able to occur in military training. It was Roman culture that would move football to the British island. However, it is doubtful to what extent the British were influenced by this uncertainty and to what degree they developed their own varieties. The most accepted story says that the game was perfected in England in the 12th century.
According to the history, in the 19th century, football originated in Britain. The game “folk football” had been played in towns or in villages according to local customs and with a minimum of rules what they made. With the intention of unifying and clarifying everything, they began to put the first rules of the game. They were written so that everyone knew how to play and that there were no problems with the competitions between schools, because some could take the ball with their hands, others did not allow it, some kicked the rivals without it being illegal and others did not.
History of football:
Football, which also called association football or soccer is a sports in which 2 teams of 11 players. In this sports player can use any part of their bodies except their hands and arms. The main theme of the sports is, always try to maneuver the ball into the opposing team’s goal. Only the goalkeeper can touch the ball and may do so only within the penalty area. The team that, who scores more goals, they wins the game.
The participants used several means to play with the rudimentary ball. To investigate the origins of football and soccer history, is necessary to look at ancient cultures. There are certain indications that this game is descended from one that was practiced in Ancient Greece four thousand years ago.
In China they started to play something similar like football. Tells the story that in the Han Dynasty, military training was done with a game that looks suspiciously like football, which also bet a lot of money. So even in that we are not innovators. Some football historians set the origins of the current soccer in ancient China where this sport was known as “cuju”.
Soccer history :
In 1843, at the University of Cambridge, an attempt to standardize and codify the rules of the game was made. After 4 years 1848’s, these “Cambridge rules” which were spread by Cambridge graduates, and who is formed football clubs. Rules are known as Cambridge rules because they were those of the school that were taken as a base, which played according to a regulation since the sixteenth century. They founded the Football Association, which are not the same. In one you could take the ball with your hands and in the other you could not. One gave rise to the soccer we normally refer to, soccer for some, while the other is rugby.
As early as in 1863, with the foundation in England of The Football Association, although at first it was related more with the violence and the bad organization. Since then football has grown to become the most popular sport. With more than 270 million people among spectators, players, coaches are involve in this game.
In 1872 the English Football Association ruled that the balls to play football were spherical and with a circumference of no more than 71.1 centimeters. At the year of 1877, the football associations of Britain had agreed upon a uniform code, and 43 clubs were in competition, and the London clubs’ initial dominance had diminished.
It was in 1904 when “FIFA” was founded. In 1916 the South American Football Confederation was founded with the current Cup America and since 1930 began to dispute the Football World Cup. And the sports event with the lot of audience in the world. World War(1st) pushed back this sport, but the first Olympic Games of the modern era, in 1924 and 1928, revitalized it.
The second edition of the Football World Cup was held in Italy and was used by Mussolini as propaganda for his regime. After the great wars, FIFA had to re-launch and did so in 1946 with a friendly match between the British team and a combination of European footballers in the match of the century, with 135,000 spectators.
|football play bear foot|
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History of professional football
The development of professional football was closely linked to the processes of industrialization and urbanization in Victorian Britain. The majority of the new working-class inhabitants of the industrial cities and cities of Great Britain gradually dispelled their old country entertainments, such as the pursuit of badgers, and sought new forms of social leisure.
The average attendance in England increased from 4600 in 1888 to 7900 in 1895, reaching 13200 in 1905 and exceeding 23000 in the outbreak of the First World War. The fame of football wore the notorious interest in other sports, mainly cricket. The major clubs, principally those of Lancashire, began to collect tickets for spectators as early as the 1870 s and, in spite of the amateurism rule of the FA, were in a position to pay arbitrary salaries to captivate deeply esteemed working class players. Many of them from Scotland.
The players of the industrious class and the clubs of the north of England looked for a professional system that would provide, in part, a financial distinction to cover their broken time and the conflict of injuries. The FA remained solidly elitist in maintaining a policy of amateurism that protected the authority of the middle and upper class over the game.
The content of professionalism came to a difficulty in England in 1884, when the FA dismissed two clubs for handling professional players. The professionalism also stimulated a greater renewal of the game through the Football League corporation, which consented to the dozen leading teams of the North and Midlands to methodically contend against each other from 1888 onward. A lower second division was introduced in 1893, and the total number of teams increased to 28.
The Irish and Scottish created leagues in 1890. The Southern League began in 1894, but was captivated by the Football League in 1920. However, football was not reconciled in a major exercise for profit during this time. Professional clubs were baptized in companies of limited commitment primarily to affirm the land for the progressive development of circuit facilities.
Subsequent national leagues abroad harassed the British model, which contained league championships, at least one annual cup competition and a leagues graduation that sent clubs to finish in the tables until the next highest division and clubs in the bottom to the next lower division.
The Spanish Football League dates back to the 1928/29 season. When the champions and runners-up of the Spanish Championship or Co-pa Del Rey were invited to participate. Let’s see the history of the Spanish First Division of soccer and the ranking of soccer championships in Spain. In addition to the Spanish League and the Co-pa Del Rey, Spanish teams also compete in the Champions League, before the European Cup, and the Europa League, previously called the Ufa Cup.
In the middle Ages, Feudal Japan, which was close to China and therefore did it, began to play something similar, although instead of force, what mattered most was technique. In this case the idea was that the ball would not touch the ground.
A league was created in Holland in 1889, but professionalism was achieved only in 1954. Germany consummated its initial national championship season in 1903, but the Or, an extensive national and fully professional league, did not develop until 60 years later. In France, where the game was introduced in the 1870 s, a professional league did not begin until 1932, shortly after professionalism was sponsored in the Latin American countries of Argentina and Brazil.
Around this time, a sport similar to football began to be seen in Europe, especially in France and England. It was played in a forest or in a field and you had to take the ball to a specific place. Of course, there are more shots than in the war, and it was so violent that in England it was prohibited for the 14th century. In France it was considered detrimental to health, more or less like tobacco today but to the beast. In the fifteenth century threatened those who played with a fine of 3 months of salary and excommunicate.
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History of women’s football
The history of sponsorship football has lovely twists and turns starting in Europe. The fulfilled form of football established by the Football Association in 1863 in London was a male game played by all the eras of men and glorified as the favorite entertainment of men.
Some writers mention casual tournaments in Scotland and parts of England of soccer games between married and single ladies at the end of the 19th century. At the beginning of the 20th century, women could be seen romping the game seriously in unequal parts of Britain, France and Canada. Some facts point out that in Central Europe, professional football was not particular. These games often skipped without complying with civil and secular jurisdictions.
One of the popular recognition of the game comes from the day of the boxing in 1920, in Goodison Park in Liverpool. An emphatic game took place on England’s biggest soccer field, where Dick, Kerr Ladies played with a Lancashire outfit called St. Helen Ladies in front of an agglomeration of 53,000 people. It is observed that more than ten thousand followers had to be surrounded when the ground was totally blocked.
In 1921, the accredited central body of the game prevented women from playing soccer during an extraordinary 50-year course. The consequences could be seen immediately since this ruling suspended soccer players in a few countries. However, Italy and France founded women’s leagues in the early 1930 s. Women’s football lasted until the Second World War. After the war, the manifesto took a steep turn with Italy establishing its national association in 1950 and Germany creating the first European championship of informal women in 1957.
Football in the Olympics
In 1900 the football was included as a sports in the Summer Olympics and recognized the sports as an Olympic sport. In 1902 Uruguay and Argentina met during the first international football match outside the British Isles.
History of FIFA (International Federation of Football Association)
On May 21, in 1904, the International Federation of Football Association“(FIFA)” was created in Paris, of France. FIFA was created in order to regulate and organize football matches globally. The act establishment was stamped by the authorized representatives of the following associations- France, Belgium, Denmark, the Netherlands, Switzerland and Spain.
When the representation of instituting a world football federation began to take shape in Europe, the aim of those involved was to record the role of the Englishman who had organized his Football Federation again in 1863. Hirschman, an official of the Football Federation of the The Netherlands, returned to the Football Association. His office worker, FJ Wall, accepted the proposal but the advance was stopped while he waited for the Executive Committee of the Football Association. The International FA Board and the societies of Scotland, Wales and Ireland to give their opinion on the matter.
The first FIFA Regulations were established in the following points were-
* The bilateral and exclusive affirmation of the national societies personified and attending.
* The clubs and players had refused to play simultaneously for different national associations.
* Belief by the other companies of the suspension of a player notified by an association.
* The game of matches according to the rules of the Game of the Football Association Ltd.
Each national corporation had to pay an annual fee of FF50. Already at that time there were thoughts of establishing an international competition and Article 9 agreed that FIFA alone assumed the right to take charge of the structure of such an event. It was resolved that these regulations would enter into force on September 1, 1904. Likewise, the first FIFA Statutes were only temporary, to facilitate the acceptance of additional members. On the day of the foundation, the German FA sent a message ratifying that it would adhere to these Statutes at the inauguration.
No other athletic event besides the Olympic Games can be tested today with the FIFA World Cup. The first impression of the FIFA World Cup was replayed in 1930 in Uruguay and since then it has returned every four years. In 1991, the first Women’s World Cup was acclaimed in China and since then it has also returned every four years.
At the end of the 19th century, only national football teams coexisted. England and Scotland had the initial active teams that were traveling against each other in the 1870 s. Today there are 211 national societies contained in FIFA. The governing body World sport Another attempt of globalization could be seen in the increase of the nations that mean in the eliminator World Cup, from 32 in 1934 to more than 200 in 2014.
|Sweden-Yugoslavia football final|
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By researching the origins of football , we found that, at first the international football match was played between England and Scotland. From then on, this sport became popular around the world, eventually creating football associations such as American Football, Association Football, Australian Rules Football, Rugby Union Football, Gaelic Football and Rugby League Football.
Little by little, the sport began to become popular and the tickets to watch the games began to be charged. With the money in their pocket, some teams began to sign players for money, something that the Football Association banned.
Several teams were unmarked and made their own association, so they rejected and accepted that there were professional players. The richest clubs began to organize parties to cover expenses, celebrating the first professional football league.
Source : Internet.
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