Football or Soccer, whatever you say, is a sport in which two teams face, which are formed by eleven players each. It is played using a ball, and the goal is to introduce it into the opponent’s goal. This action is called scoring a goal. Do you know, how to play football or rules of soccer ???

how to play football
How to play football

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How to play football :

 Each team is composed of the goalkeeper, the defenders, the midfielders and the forwards. Players have to move the ball around the field. Making use of any part of the body, with the exception of arms and hands. Although the feet are almost always used to play football.

 The goalkeeper is the only player who is allowed to play the ball with his hands or arms. But only within the penalty area located in front of his own goal.

 As for the basic equipment, players must wear a shirt, shorts, socks, boots and shin guards. It is prohibited to dress or use any object that is dangerous to themselves or another player (including jewelry or watches).

 The goalkeeper must wear clothes that are easily distinguishable from those worn by other players and referees.

 The game is controlled by an arbitrator. Who has complete authority to apply the rules of the Game in connection with the party for which he has been assigned. And his decisions are final.

 The referee is assisted by two assistants. In many high-level matches there is also a fourth referee and in the World Cup a fifth. Who assists the referee and can replace any of the collegiate if necessary.

Rules of soccer to play the game :

 There are seventeen rules in the official laws of the game. The same rules are designed to apply to all football levels. Although certain modifications are allowed for groups such as juniors, seniors or women.

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 The rules are often divided into broad terms. Allowing flexibility in their application depending on the nature of the game.

FIFA rules to play football :

 The new rules that FIFA implement, only will have to determine if the changes are beneficial. There will be seven modifications incorporated by FIFA. Among them the elimination of the obligation to remove the ball from the area in the goal kick.

 This new feature will allow the DT to work on the way their teams exit. Until today, one of the favorite starting moves is the inner flyer that goes back to the crescent. Receives the ball and plays it towards the laterals or the central markers. Giving amplitude and clarity at the start.

 The controversial and controversial came with the new modality.  That says, if the goalkeeper tackles the penalty or the ball hits one of the clubs, the play will be automatically invalidated and a goal kick will be indicated.

 When this is in the testing stage, it can be implemented in those competitions that request it. Usually not professionals. With this rule would disappear the presence of players outside the area waiting for the rebound.

Other rules for play football, football xyz :

 Other rules establish the possibility that, to make the game more dynamic. The replaced players can leave on either side of the court and not have to move to the middle of the field.

 The goals will be invalidated in whose previous moves the attacker involuntarily touch the ball. And when the ball hits the body of the referee the game will stop to resume with a dive or boat to land.

 The first major tournament that will apply the changes would be the Copa America 2019. Which is start from June 14 in Brazil. The governing body of world football determined that these changes will come into force during the oldest tournament in the world. And the competitions that continue.

17 rules of football by FIFA :

 The International Federation of Football Assistance (FIFA) establishes seventeen  rules of soccer for play the football game. If you don’t know, how to play football, then read the article properly.

  * The play field

The field of play must have a rectangular shape and may be artificial or natural grass. This is divided into two halves marked by lines, which delimit each zone. The dimensions of the pitch are- 90 to 120 meters long, and 45 to 60 meters wide.

football rules
Football Stadium

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The lines located along the playing field are called side or band lines. And those that are placed across the width are called goal lines or end lines. In the center of the goal lines are the penal areas, goal areas and goals.

Penal areas and goal areas are distanced from the vertical posts that form the goal and go into the field 16.5 and 5.5 meters, respectively.

In the center of the rectangle that forms the penalty area is the penalty point. Which located at a distance of 11 meters from the goal. This is formed by two vertical posts. Which are distant from each other 7.32 meters, with a height of 2.44 meters each. The horizontal pole that joins them at the top is called a crossbar.

    * The ball

The football rules established by FIFA in relation to the ball are based on its characteristics and measures. This must be spherical, leather or a similar material. And with a circumference that can vary between 70 and 68 centimeters. At the beginning of the meeting should weigh between 410 and 450 grams. And its pressure must be between 0.6 and 1.1 atm.

  * The number of players

As mentioned above, each team consists of eleven regular players. One of whom will be the goalkeeper. The match will not start or will not continue if one of the teams has a number of players less than seven. In official matches, only a maximum of six substitutes are allowed on the bench and three changes.

A substituted player may never re-enter. In addition, any player may substitute the goalkeeper whenever he communicates it to the referee.

  * The basic equipment of the players

Players must wear a sweater or T-shirt and shorts. In the case that they wear clothes underneath. The color of this should always be the same as that of the main clothes. Shinguard must be made of plastic, rubber or similar material to provide adequate protection.

These should always be covered by the stockings, and if adhesive tape is used to fix them. This will have to be the same color as the stockings. Therefore, socks are also mandatory, like sports shoes.

Teams must wear a different colored outfit to differentiate between themselves and the referees. The goalkeepers also have to use a different color than the players’ clothes.

  * The referee

The referee or collegiate will be responsible for ensuring that the rules of the game are met during the game. In addition, your competition begins from entering the premises until you leave. Their decisions are final. Being the only one that can always modify them before the game is resumed.

rules of football
Pushing an opponent in football match

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A foul occurs when a player commits a specific infraction listed in the games rules while the ball is in play. Infractions that constitute a foul are specified in Rule 12. Examples of punishable offenses are touching the ball with the hand, pushing an opponent, tripping the opponent, grabbing, etc.

The referee can punish a player or substitute for bad behavior with a warning (yellow card) or eject (red card). A second yellow card in the same match causes a red card and, therefore, the expulsion. Misconduct can occur at any time. And although infractions in this regard are listed in the rules, the definitions are broad.

In particular, the offense for “non-sporting behavior” will be accustomed contend with most events that violate the spirit of the game. Even if they are not listed as specific infractions. Coaches and support staff may also be expelled from the field. And its surroundings by the referee if they engage in misconduct.

  * The assistant referees and the fourth referee

During the course of a match, the referee can count on the assistance of two assistant referees. Which will indicate the throw-ins, corner kicks and offside, among other functions. In addition, they will assist the main referee in case of doubt or if he has not seen an infraction.

There should also be a fourth referee. Who will replace one of his teammates in case of injury, as well as help the main referee. The fourth referee is only mandatory in international matches and in first and second division.

  * Duration of the match and tie-breaking methods

A football match consists of a forty-five minute first half, a fifteen-minute break and a forty-five minute second half. The referee may also add a discount time if he deems it necessary to cover the time lost due to the changes, sanctions or expulsions of the players.

The referee is the one who officially controls the time and can lengthen the periods. If there are situations in which time is lost such as those that cause substitutions. Medical assistance to injured or other stops. This added time is at the exclusive discretion of the referee.

Towards the end of the match, the referee signals with the hand the fourth referee,  how many minutes he will add. and he informs the players and spectators by showing a board with time. This time previously indicated may be extended again by the arbitrator if it considers it appropriate.

   * Draws 

In league matches draws may occur, but in some qualifying competitions an extension is necessary if there is no winner at the end of the prescribed time. This extension consists of two periods of 15 minutes.

If the match is still tied after extra time, some competitions allow the use of penalty shoot-outs, to determine which team will advance to the next phase of the tournament.

The goals scored during the extension count in the final result of the game, but not the goals of tie-breaker marked during the penalty shoot-out.

Competitions where there are two rounds can use the double value rule of the away goals in case of a draw. If the result is the same after this calculation, it is necessary to resort to a penalty shoot-out, although in some competitions a tie-breaking match may be required.

 * Tie-breaking methods

In the late 1990, the International Football Association Board (IFAB) experimented with ways to avoid penalty shoot-outs because this method is often considered undesirable to determine the outcome of the match.

One of the ways is to end the match when the first goal in overtime occurs known as a “golden goal”. If a team achieves the victory at the end of the first extension period (silver goal).

The golden goal was used in the 1998 World Cup (France) and 2002 (Japan-South Korea). The first match of the World Cup that was decided by a golden goal was the victory of France over Paraguay in 1998.

In the European Championship of 1996, Germany was the first nation to score a golden goal in a major competition, beating the Czech Republic at the end. The silver goal was used in the 2004 European Championship (Portugal). However, these experiences were interrupted by the IFAB.

  * Start and resumption of the game

At the start of the match the kick-off is made, placing the ball in the middle of the field. This serve is also carried out when the game is resumed after scoring a goal, at the beginning of the second half and at the start of each additional time if there is one.

From a kick-off a goal can be scored directly. To determine which team performs the service, at the start of the game a coin is thrown. The team that has not succeeded will be the one that carries it out, since the one that has left favored will decide in what half of the field he prefers to start the game.

  * Ball in play or out of play

According to the rules, the two basic states during the game are the ball in play and the ball not in play. From the beginning of each game period, with the center kick, until the end of the first period.

The ball is considered in play at all times except when leaving the field or the game is interrupted by the referee. The ball is not in play if it completely crosses a goal line or line, or if the referee interrupts the match.

rules of soccer
Try to scored a Goal

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  * Goal scored

A goal is considered when the ball crosses the goal line in its entirety, as long as the team that scores it has not committed a prior infraction. The team that scored the most goals at the end of the match will have won.

In case of a tie, and whenever it is necessary to proclaim a winner, it can only be determined through three procedures-
> the extension,
> the penalties and
> the rule of goals marked as a visitor, until there is a team with more goals than the other.

  * Faults and inaccuracies

The referee will award free throws for those offenses that occur outside the penalty area, if these take place within a penalty. Depending on the seriousness of the infraction.

It’s up to the referee to take a yellow card to the player to reprimand him or a red card to expel him. Two yellow cards during the same match and the same footballer imply expulsion.

  * Offside

If a player is closer to the goal line than the ball and the last opponent, excluding the goalkeeper, is in the offside position, so the referee will point indirect free in favor of the opposing team. The offside never occurs if the player is in his half of the field.

  * Free kick

Free throws can be direct or indirect. You can score a goal directly from a direct free kick. In contrast, in an indirect free kick, the ball must be touched at least twice by different players before crossing the finish line.

If only one touch is played before throwing to the goal, the referee shall indicate a goal kick in favor of the opposing team.

  * Throw-in

This is the way in which the game is resumed after the ball has completely crossed the sideline. The opposing team is awarded to the player who touched the ball just before it came out. It must always be done with your hands and you can not score a goal directly from a throw-in.

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  * Penalty kick

It is considered a penalty when a player commits a foul within his penalty area while the ball is in play.  It is awarded after a foul, usually punishable, occurred within the penalty area. The penalty point is located at a distance of 11 meters from the finish line.

  * Corner kick or corner

The referee will point out a corner kick when the ball completely crosses the goal line, excluding the goal, after having touched a player of the defending team. you’ll be able to score a goal directly from a corner kick.

  * Goal kick

It is the way of resuming the game after the ball has crossed the goal line in its entirety, excluding the goal, after touching a player of the attacking team. you’ll be able to score a goal directly from a goal kick.

From the goal area, when the ball has completely crossed the goal line without having scored a goal, if it has been touched before by an attacker, it is taken out by the defending team.

 

Last about how to play football easily :

In addition to the seventeen rules, the numerous decisions of the International Football Association Board (IFAB), and other directives, contribute to the regulation of football.

The complete and detailed rules can be found on the official FIFA website.

If you need more information about how to play football, then visit Wikipedia. Thank-You.

 

Source : Internet.
Credit goes to : Google.